Preventive Health Guidelines

The Preventive Health Guidelines will help you learn more about the screenings, tests and shots that you and your family need. Information in our guidelines comes from medical expert organizations, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Talk with your doctor to make sure your family’s medical checkups and shots are up to date.

To find out if a shot, test or screening is covered under your health plan, you can check your benefits online by signing in to your account or calling Customer Service at the phone number on the back of your member ID card.

Adults

What to expect during your annual well-person exam

Your doctor may provide advice on:

  • Dental health
  • Vision health
  • Diet, exercise, nutrition, physical activity and injury prevention
  • Sun exposure
  • Quitting smoking, drug abuse, alcohol misuse and tobacco use
  • Sexual behavior, violence or abuse
  • Nutrition and vitamin supplements for women who are or plan to become pregnant.

If you are at increased risk for certain cancers, you should ask your doctor about screening schedules and possibly starting your screenings at an earlier age than general recommendations. A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a condition. Examples of risk factors can include your age, gender, family history or lifestyle.

During your exam, you may receive immunizations (shots) and screenings, depending on your health and your doctor’s judgment. Select a link below to learn more about immunizations, screenings and therapies:

Immunizations:

Immunizations (shots) can help keep you healthy. Learn about the immunizations you may need.

Screenings:

  • Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.
  • Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: In women younger than age 65, as your doctor advises.
  • BRCA gene mutation: For women who have a family history of breast, ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal (the tissue that lines the walls of the abdomen) cancer. Speak with your doctor about genetic counseling and testing.
  • Breast exam, clinical: Every three years for women in their 20s and 30s. Breast self-exam is an option for women starting in their 20s. Learn more about breast self-exams.
  • Cholesterol blood test: Every five years, more frequently as your doctor advises. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Dental checkup: Twice a year or as your doctor advises. Pregnant women should see a dentist at least one time during pregnancy. Learn more about oral health.
  • Depression screening: Periodic assessment. Learn more about depression.
  • Gestational diabetes screening: For pregnant women, after 24 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Hearing screening: Periodic assessment as your doctor advises. Learn more about hearing loss.
  • Height and weight check: Yearly.
  • Hepatitis B blood test: For those at high risk, including pregnant women at their first prenatal visit. Learn more about hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C blood test: For those at high risk for the infection. Learn more about hepatitis C.
  • HIV screening: All sexually active women should be screened for HIV, including all those who are pregnant, and as your doctor advises. Learn more about HIV:
  • Obesity screening: Use of body mass index (BMI) to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (as defined by having a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (as defined by having a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Learn more about preventing obesity.
  • Pelvic exam, pap test and HPV testing: Learn more about these important tests:
    • Pelvic exam: Every year.
    • Pap and HPV testing: A Pap test for women ages 21–29 every three years. Women between 30 and 65 should have a Pap test every three years or a Pap test plus HPV testing every five years.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active women age 25 and younger as well as older adults at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.
  • Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.
  • Vision/glaucoma screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with your eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are African American older than 40. Learn more about common eye disorders.

Therapies:

  • Aspirin therapy: As your doctor advises.
  • Hormone replacement therapy: As your doctor advises.
  • Medicines to reduce risk for breast cancer: For women at increased risk for breast cancer, speak with your doctor.

What to expect during your annual well-person exam

Your doctor may provide advice on:

  • Dental health

  • Vision health

  • Diet, exercise, nutrition, physical activity and injury prevention

  • Sun exposure

  • Smoking cessation, substance abuse, alcohol misuse and tobacco consumption

  • Sexual behavior, violence or abuse

  • Nutrition and vitamin supplements for women that are or are planning to become pregnant.

If you are at increased risk for certain cancers, you should ask your doctor about screening schedules and possibly starting your screenings at an earlier age than general recommendations. A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a condition. Examples of risk factors can include your age, gender, family history or lifestyle.

During your exam, you may receive immunizations (shots) and screenings, depending on your health and your doctor’s judgment. Select a link below to learn more about immunizations, screenings and therapies:

Immunizations:

Immunizations (shots) can help keep you healthy. Learn about the immunizations you may need.

Screenings:

  • Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.

  • Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: In women younger than age 65, as your doctor advises.

  • BRCA gene mutation: For women who have a family history of breast, ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal (the tissue that lines the walls of the abdomen) cancer. Speak with your doctor about genetic counseling and testing.

  • Breast exam, clinical: Every year for women 40 and over. Learn more about breast self-exams.

  • Breast mammogram: Yearly starting at age 40. Learn more about mammograms.

  • Cholesterol blood test: Every five years; more frequently as your doctor advises. Learn more about cholesterol.

  • Colon and rectal cancer: Starting at age 50 speak with your doctor about which of the following tests are right for you:

    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years.

    • Yearly fecal occult blood test (FOBT).

    • Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year.

    • Colonoscopy every 10 years.

  • Learn more about cancer screening.

  • Dental checkup: Twice a year or as your doctor advises. Pregnant women should see a dentist at least one time during pregnancy. Learn more about oral health:

  • Depression screening: Periodic assessment. Learn more about depression.

  • Diabetes, type 2 blood test: Starting at age 45 and repeated every three years. Learn more about diabetes.

  • Gestational diabetes screening: For pregnant women, after 24 weeks of pregnancy.

  • Hearing screening: Periodic assessment as your doctor advises. Learn more about hearing loss.

  • Height and weight check: Yearly.

  • Hepatitis B blood test: For those at high risk, including pregnant women at their first prenatal visit. Learn more about Hepatitis B.

  • Hepatitis C blood test: For those at high risk for the infection. If you were born between 1945 and 1965, speak with your doctor about a one-time screening. Learn more about hepatitis C.

  • HIV screening: All sexually active women should be screened for HIV to age 65, including all those who are pregnant, and as your doctor advises. Learn more about HIV:

  • Lung cancer screening: Starting at age 55, speak with your doctor about having an annual low-dose chest CT scan if you have a history of smoking at least a pack a day for 30 years and are still smoking or quit within the last 15 years.

  • Obesity screening: Use of body mass index (BMI) to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (as defined by having a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (as defined by having a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Learn more about preventing obesity.

  • Pelvic exam, pap test and HPV testing: Learn more about these important tests:

    • Pelvic exam: Every year.

    • Pap and HPV testing: Women between 30 and 65 should have a Pap test every three years or a Pap test plus HPV testing every five years.

  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active women as well as older adults at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.

  • Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.

  • Vision/glaucoma screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with your eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are African American, older than 40. Learn more about common eye disorders.

Therapies:

  • Aspirin therapy: As your doctor advises.

  • Hormone replacement therapy: As your doctor advises.

  • Medicines to reduce risk for breast cancer: For women at increased risk for breast cancer, speak with your doctor.

What to expect during your annual well-person exam

Your doctor may provide advice on:

  • Dental health

  • Vision health

  • Diet, exercise, nutrition, physical activity and injury prevention

  • Sun exposure

  • Smoking cessation, substance abuse, alcohol misuse and tobacco consumption

  • Sexual behavior, violence or abuse

If you are at increased risk for certain cancers, you should ask your doctor about screening schedules and possibly starting your screenings at an earlier age than general recommendations. A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a condition. Examples of risk factors can include your age, gender, family history or lifestyle.

During your exam, you may receive immunizations (shots) and screenings, depending on your health and your doctor’s judgment. Select a link below to learn more about immunizations, screenings and therapies:

Immunizations:

Screenings:

  • Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.

  • Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: In men younger than age 70, as your doctor advises.

  • Cholesterol blood test: Every five years; more frequently as your doctor advises. Learn more about cholesterol.

  • Dental checkup: Twice a year or as your doctor advises. Learn more about oral health.

  • Depression screening: Periodic assessment. Learn more about depression.

  • Diabetes, type 2 blood test: Starting at age 45 and repeated every three years. Learn more about diabetes.

  • Hearing screening: Periodic assessment as your doctor advises. Learn more about hearing loss.

  • Height and weight check: Yearly.

  • Hepatitis B blood test: For those at high risk. Learn more about hepatitis B.

  • Hepatitis C blood test: For those at high risk for the infection. Learn more about hepatitis C.

  • HIV screening: HIV screening to age 65, as your doctor advises. Learn more about HIV.

  • Obesity screening: Use of body mass index (BMI) to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (as defined by having a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (as defined by having a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Learn more about preventing obesity.

  • Prostate cancer screening: Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of screening. Learn more about prostate cancer.

  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active men age 25 and younger as well as older adults at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.

  • Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.

  • Vision/glaucoma screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are African American older than 40. Learn more about common eye disorders.

Therapies:

  • Aspirin therapy: As your doctor advises.

What to expect during your annual well-person exam

Your doctor may provide advice on:

  • Dental health
  • Vision health
  • Diet, exercise, nutrition, physical activity and injury prevention
  • Sun exposure
  • Smoking cessation, substance abuse, alcohol misuse and tobacco consumption
  • Sexual behavior, violence and abuse

If you are at increased risk for certain cancers, you should ask your doctor about screening schedules and possibly starting your screenings at an earlier age than general recommendations. A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a condition. Examples of risk factors can include your age, gender, family history or lifestyle.

During your exam, you may receive immunizations (shots) and screenings, depending on your health and your doctor’s judgment. Select a link below to learn more about immunizations, screenings and therapies:

Immunizations:

Immunizations (shots) can help keep you healthy. Learn about the immunizations you may need.

Screenings:

  • Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.
  • Bone Mineral Density (BMD) Testing: In men younger than age 70, as your doctor advises.
  • Cholesterol blood test: Every five years; more frequently as your doctor advises. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Colon and rectal cancer: Starting at age 50, speak with your doctor about which of the following tests are right for you:
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years.
    • Yearly fecal occult blood test (FOBT).
    • Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year.
    • Colonoscopy every 10 years.
  • cancer screening
  • Dental checkup: Twice a year or as your doctor advises. Learn more about oral health:
  • Depression screening: Periodic assessment. Learn more about depression.
  • Diabetes, type 2 blood test: Starting at age 45 and repeated every three years. Learn more about diabetes.
  • Hearing screening: Periodic assessment as your doctor advises. Learn more about hearing loss.
  • Height and weight check: Yearly.
  • Hepatitis B blood test: For those at high risk. Learn more about hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C blood test: For those at high risk for the infection. If you were born between 1945 and 1965, speak with your doctor about a one-time screening. Learn more about hepatitis C.
  • HIV screening: HIV screening to age 65, as your doctor advises. Learn more about HIV.
  • Lung cancer screening: Starting at age 55, speak with your doctor about having an annual low-dose chest CT scan if you have a history of smoking at least a pack a day for 30 years and are still smoking or quit within the last 15 years.
  • Obesity screening: Use of body mass index (BMI) to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (as defined by having a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (as defined by having a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Learn more about preventing obesity.
  • Prostate cancer screening: Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of screening. Learn more about prostate cancer.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active men at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.
  • Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.
  • Vision/glaucoma screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are African American older than 40. Learn more about common eye disorders.

Therapies:

  • Aspirin therapy: As your doctor advises.

Seniors

What to expect during your annual well-person exam

Your doctor may provide advice on:

  • Dental health
  • Vision health
  • Diet, exercise, nutrition, physical activity and injury prevention
  • Sun exposure
  • Smoking cessation, substance abuse, alcohol misuse and tobacco consumption
  • Sexual behavior, physical and emotional abuse by a partner and violence and abuse against vulnerable adults and the elderly

If you are at increased risk for certain cancers, you should ask your doctor about screening schedules and possibly starting your screenings at an earlier age than general recommendations. A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a condition. Examples of risk factors can include your age, gender, family history or lifestyle.

During your exam, you may receive immunizations (shots) and screenings, depending on your health and your doctor’s judgment. Select a link below to learn more about immunizations, screenings and therapies:

Immunizations:

Immunizations (shots) can help keep you healthy. Learn more about the immunizations you may need.

Screenings:

  • Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.
  • Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: In women age 65 and older, testing is recommended every two years when taking osteoporosis medicine. In younger women, as your doctor advises.
  • BRCA gene mutation: For women who have a family history of breast, ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal (the tissue that lines the walls of the abdomen) cancer. Speak with your doctor about genetic counseling and testing.
  • Breast exam, clinical: Every year. Learn more about breast self-exams.
  • Breast mammogram: Yearly. Learn more about mammograms.
  • Cholesterol blood test: Every five years; more frequently as your doctor advises. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Colon and rectal cancer: To age 75. Speak with your doctor about which of the following tests are right for you:
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years.
    • Yearly fecal occult blood test (FOBT).
    • Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year.
    • Colonoscopy every 10 years.
  • cancer screening
  • Dental checkup: Twice a year or as your doctor advises. Learn more about oral health.
  • Depression screening: Periodic assessment. Learn more about depression.
  • Diabetes, type 2 blood test: Starting at age 45 and repeated every three years. Learn more about diabetes.
  • Hearing screening: Periodic assessment as your doctor advises. Learn more about hearing loss.
  • Height and weight check: Yearly.
  • Hepatitis B blood test: For those at high risk. Learn more about hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C blood test: For those at high risk for the infection. If you were born between 1945 and 1965, speak with your doctor about a one-time screening. Learn more about hepatitis C.
  • HIV screening: All sexually active women should be screened for HIV to age 65, and/or as your doctor advises. Learn more about HIV:
  • Lung cancer screening: To age 80. Speak with your doctor about having an annual low-dose chest CT scan if you have a history of smoking at least a pack a day for 30 years and are still smoking or quit within the last 15 years.
  • Obesity screening: Use of body mass index (BMI) to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (as defined by having a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (as defined by having a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Learn more about preventing obesity.
  • Pelvic exam, pap test and HPV testing: Learn more about these important tests:
    • Pelvic exam: Every year.
    • Pap and HPV testing: Women between 30 and 65 should have a Pap test every three years or a Pap test plus HPV testing every five years.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active women as well as older adults at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.
  • Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.
  • Vision/glaucoma screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are African American older than 40. Learn more about common eye disorders.

Therapies:

  • Aspirin therapy: As your doctor advises.
  • Exercise or physical therapy and Vitamin D supplements for adults ages 65 and older living in a group setting: For those living in group setting such as a nursing home or assisted living, as your doctor advises.
  • Hormone replacement therapy: As your doctor advises.
  • Medicines to reduce risk for breast cancer: For women at increased risk for breast cancer, speak with your doctor.

What to expect during your annual well-person exam

Your doctor may provide advice on:

  • Dental health
  • Vision health
  • Diet, exercise, nutrition, physical activity and injury prevention
  • Sun exposure
  • Smoking cessation, substance abuse, alcohol misuse and tobacco consumption
  • Sexual behavior, physical and emotional abuse by a partner and violence and abuse against vulnerable adults and the elderly

If you are at increased risk for certain cancers, you should ask your doctor about screening schedules and possibly starting your screenings at an earlier age than general recommendations. A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a condition. Examples of risk factors can include your age, gender, family history or lifestyle.

During your exam, you may receive immunizations (shots) and screenings, depending on your health and your doctor’s judgment. Select a link below to learn more about immunizations, screenings and therapies:

Immunizations:

Immunizations (shots) can help keep you healthy. Learn about the immunizations you may need.

Screenings:

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: If you are a male between the ages of 65 and 75 and have ever smoked, talk to your doctor about a one-time screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (an abnormal widening of the major blood vessel in the abdomen).
  • Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.
  • Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: In men 70 and older, bone mineral density (BMD) testing is recommended every two years when taking osteoporosis medicine. In younger men, as your doctor advises.
  • Cholesterol blood test: Every five years; more frequently as your doctor advises. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Colon and rectal cancer: To age 75, speak with your doctor about which of the following tests are right for you:
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years.
    • Yearly fecal occult blood test (FOBT).
    • Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year.
    • Colonoscopy every 10 years.
  • cancer screening
  • Dental checkup: Twice a year or as your doctor advises. Learn more about oral health.
  • Depression screening: Periodic assessment. Learn more about depression.
  • Diabetes, type 2 blood test: Starting at age 45 and repeated every three years. Learn more about diabetes.
  • Hearing screening: Periodic assessment as your doctor advises. Learn more about hearing loss.
  • Height and weight check: Yearly.
  • Hepatitis B blood test: For those at high risk. Learn more about hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C blood test: For those at high risk for the infection. If you were born between 1945 and 1965, speak with your doctor about a one-time screening. Learn more about hepatitis C.
  • HIV screening: All sexually active men should be screened for HIV to age 65, and/or as your doctor advises. Learn more about HIV:
  • Lung cancer screening: From age 55 to 80, speak with your doctor about having an annual low-dose chest CT scan if you have a history of smoking at least a pack a day for 30 years and are still smoking or quit within the last 15 years.
  • Obesity screening: Use of body mass index (BMI) to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (as defined by having a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (as defined by having a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Learn more about preventing obesity.
  • Prostate cancer: Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of screening.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active men at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.
  • Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.
  • Vision/glaucoma screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are African American older than 40. Learn more about common eye disorders.

Therapies:

  • Aspirin therapy: As your doctor advises.
  • Exercise or physical therapy and Vitamin D supplements for adults ages 65 and older living in a group setting: For those living in group setting such as a nursing home or assisted living, as your doctor advises.

Children

What to expect during your visit to the doctor

A well-child exam:

Once a year for children ages three to six. The doctor will offer advice about your child’s dental health, exercise and physical activity, diet and nutrition, sun exposure, injury and violence prevention. During this exam, your child may also receive immunizations (also known as vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and developmental screenings, as your doctor advises. Select a link below for more child care topics:

Immunizations:

Learn about the vaccinations (shots) your child needs:

Screenings:

  • Blood pressure measurement: Every year starting at age three. Learn more about blood pressure measurement.
  • BMI Counseling: Body Mass Index, or BMI, is an important tool in determining childhood obesity. Your doctor will calculate your child’s BMI percentile every year and should discuss it with you at each well-child visit. Learn more about BMI:
  • Cholesterol screening: At four and six years of age. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Dental care: Your child should have dental checkups twice a year. Learn more about oral health:
  • Height and weight screening: At every well-child exam.
  • Hemoglobin and hematocrit (Hgb/Hct): Blood test as your child’s doctor advises and at yearly checkups.
  • Hepatitis B screening: For those at high risk.
  • Lead screening: Every year until age six to assess risk for lead poisoning.* Learn more about lead screening.
  • TB (tuberculosis) screening: Every year or as your child’s doctor advises. Learn more about TB.
  • Vision and hearing screening: Should be checked every year.

*Mandated by the New York State Department of Health.
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics.

What to expect during your visit to the doctor:

A well-child exam:

Once a year for children ages 7 to 12. The doctor will offer advice about your child’s dental health, exercise and physical activity, diet and nutrition, sun exposure, injury and violence prevention. During this exam your child may also receive immunizations (vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and developmental screenings, as your doctor advises. Select a link below for more child care topics:

Immunizations:

Learn about the vaccinations (shots) your child needs:

Screenings:

What to expect during your visit to the doctor:

A well-child exam:

Once a year for children ages 13 to 20. The doctor will offer advice about your child’s dental health, exercise and physical activity, diet and nutrition, sun exposure, injury and violence prevention and when appropriate, alcohol misuse, sexual behavior, smoking prevention or stopping smoking, substance abuse and suicide prevention. During this exam your child may also receive immunizations (also known as vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and developmental screenings, as your doctor advises. Select a link below for more care topics:

Immunizations:

Learn about the vaccinations (shots) that are needed:

Screenings:

Babies and Toddlers

What to expect during your first visit to the doctor

A well-baby exam:

The first visit to your baby’s doctor should be within three to five days of birth. The doctor should give you advice about your baby’s health, development and behavior, and talk to you about injury and violence prevention, sleep positions, feeding and diet, daily care and physical activity. During the exam, your child may receive immunizations (also known as vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and screenings, depending on his or her health and your doctor’s judgment. If your child has a disability or developmental delay, your doctor may refer your child to an early intervention program (EIP) for testing. Select a link below for more baby care topics:

Immunizations:

Learn about the vaccinations (shots) your baby needs:

Screenings:

  • Critical congenital heart defect screening: All newborns should be screened for heart problems.
  • Hearing screening: For newborns and at well visits.
  • Vision screening: At every well visit. Learn more about your baby’s vision health.
  • Weight, length and head circumference measurements: At every visit.

Safety first:

It’s important to give your baby a safe place to sleep, so make sure that no pillows, soft bedding or comforters are used where they sleep. Babies should be placed on their back in a crib with a firm mattress. In the car, put your baby in a rear-facing car seat in the back of the car, at least until age two. Learn more about safety:

What to expect during your visit to the doctor

A well-baby exam:

At one, two, four and six months of age. The doctor will offer advice about your baby’s health, development and behavior. He or she should also talk to you about injury and violence prevention, sleep positions, feeding and diet, daily care and physical activity. During the exam, your child may receive immunizations (also known as vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and screenings, depending on his or her health and your doctor’s judgment. If your child has a disability or developmental delay, your doctor may refer your child to an early intervention program (EIP) for testing. Select a link below for more baby care topics:

Immunizations:

Learn about the vaccinations (shots) your baby needs:

Screenings:

Safety first:

It’s important to give your baby a safe place to sleep, so make sure that no pillows, soft bedding or comforters are used where they sleep. Babies should be placed on their back in a crib with a firm mattress. In the car, put your child in a rear-facing car seat in the back of the car, at least until age two. Learn more about safety:

*Mandated by the New York State Department of Health.
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics

What to expect during your visit to the doctor

A well-baby exam:

At nine months of age. The doctor will offer advice about your baby’s health, development and behavior. He or she should also talk to you about injury and violence prevention, sleep positions, feeding and diet, as well as daily care and physical activity. During the exam, your child may receive immunizations (also known as vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and screenings, depending on his or her health and your doctor’s judgment. If your child has a disability or developmental delay, your doctor may refer your child to an early intervention program (EIP) for testing. Select a link below for more baby care topics:

Immunizations:

Learn about the vaccinations (shots) your baby needs:

Screenings:

Safety first:

It’s important to give your baby a safe place to sleep, so make sure that no pillows, soft bedding or comforters are used where they sleep. Babies should be placed on their back in a crib with a firm mattress. In the car, put your child in a rear-facing car seat in the back of the car, at least until age two. Learn more about safety:

*Mandated by the New York State Department of Health
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics

What to expect during your visit to the doctor

A well-baby exam:

At 12, 15, 18 and 24 months of age. The doctor will offer advice about your baby’s health, development and behavior. The doctor should also talk to you about injury and violence prevention, sleep positions, feeding and diet, daily care and physical activity. During the exam, your child may receive immunizations (also known as vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and screenings, depending on his or her health and your doctor’s judgment. If your child has a disability or developmental delay, your doctor may refer your child to an early intervention program (EIP) for testing. Select a link below for more child care topics:

Immunizations:

Learn about the vaccinations (shots) your child needs:

Screenings:

  • Autism screening: At 18 months and two years of age.
  • Cholesterol screening: At two years of age. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Dental screening: Your child needs a dental checkup at 12 months of age. Your dentist may apply fluoride varnish starting when teeth first appear. The dentist may also suggest that you start to give your child oral fluoride supplements after age six months. Your child should also have dental checkups twice a year, starting at age two. Learn more about your child’s oral health:
  • Hearing screening: At well visits.
  • Hemoglobin/hematocrit (Hgb/Hct): Blood test at 12 months. Risk assessment at 15 months.
  • Lead screening: Each year between age six months and six years to assess risk for lead poisoning. Learn more about lead screening.
  • Lead test: At 12 and 24 months of age.* Learn more about lead testing.
  • TB (tuberculosis) screening: Every year or as your child’s doctor advises. Learn more about TB.
  • Vision screening: At every well visit. Learn more about vision screenings.
  • Weight, length, height and head circumference measurements: At every visit.

Safety first:

It’s important to give your baby a safe place to sleep, so make sure that no pillows, soft bedding or comforters are used where they sleep. Babies should be placed on their back in a crib with a firm mattress. In the car, put your child in a rear-facing car seat in the back of the car, at least until age two. Learn more about safety:

*Mandated by the New York State Department of Health.
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics

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