1 to 2 years: Male and Female

What to expect during your visit to the doctor

A well-baby exam:

At 12, 15, 18 and 24 months of age. The doctor will offer advice about your baby’s health, development and behavior. The doctor should also talk to you about injury and violence prevention, sleep positions, feeding and diet, daily care and physical activity. During the exam, your child may receive immunizations (also known as vaccinations, vaccines or shots) and screenings, depending on his or her health and your doctor’s judgment. If your child has a disability or developmental delay, your doctor may refer your child to an early intervention program (EIP) for testing. Select a link below for more child care topics:


Learn about the vaccinations (shots) your child needs:


  • Autism screening: At 18 months and two years of age.
  • Cholesterol screening: At two years of age. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Dental screening: Your child needs a dental checkup at 12 months of age. Your dentist may apply fluoride varnish starting when teeth first appear. The dentist may also suggest that you start to give your child oral fluoride supplements after age six months. Your child should also have dental checkups twice a year, starting at age two. Learn more about your child’s oral health:
  • Hearing screening: At well visits.
  • Hemoglobin/hematocrit (Hgb/Hct): Blood test at 12 months. Risk assessment at 15 months.
  • Lead screening: Each year between age six months and six years to assess risk for lead poisoning. Learn more about lead screening.
  • Lead test: At 12 and 24 months of age.* Learn more about lead testing.
  • TB (tuberculosis) screening: Every year or as your child’s doctor advises. Learn more about TB.
  • Vision screening: At every well visit. Learn more about vision screenings.
  • Weight, length, height and head circumference measurements: At every visit.

Safety first:

It’s important to give your baby a safe place to sleep, so make sure that no pillows, soft bedding or comforters are used where they sleep. Babies should be placed on their back in a crib with a firm mattress. In the car, put your child in a rear-facing car seat in the back of the car, at least until age two. Learn more about safety:

*Mandated by the New York State Department of Health.
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics